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Environ Anal Health Toxicol > Volume 38:2023 > Article
Environmental Analysis Health and Toxicology 2023;38(3):e2023017-0. doi: https://doi.org/10.5620/eaht.2023017
Bioaccumulation of pesticides in fish resulting toxicities in humans through food chain and forensic aspects
Suryapratap Ray , Sanjana Thanjan Shaju
Karunya Institute of Technology and Sciences, Tamil Nadu, India
Corresponding Author: Suryapratap Ray ,Email: suryapratap1504@gmail.com
Received: February 17, 2023;  Accepted: July 20, 2023.
A crucial component for agricultural productivity is pesticide application. Increased usage of pesticides has significantly increased agricultural output, reduced grain losses in storage, and overall enhanced human wellbeing. Globally, every year approximately 3 billion kg of pesticides are used which budgets around 40 billion USD. Pesticide use can leave behind unwanted residues that can contaminate food, the environment, and living tissues. They are known to spread from agricultural regions that have been treated into the wider environment, where they affect non-target creatures. All tiers of biological organisms, directly impacted by this exposure. Pesticides at sub-lethal levels alter every aspect of a fish's physiology, including histology, haematology, defence mechanisms, and behaviour. The same topic of pesticide toxicology is the emphasis of this article, which also addresses some important induced chronic toxicological effects of pesticides in fish and the extent of their bioaccumulation in fish tissues. The data represents the largest bodies of water, such as rivers and lakes, that have been contaminated by pesticides, notably due to pesticide drift. It has been discussed how readily pesticides are absorbed into fish bodies and how this enters the food chain inducing harmful impacts on human health when consumed.
Keywords: Bioaccumulation, Ecotoxicology, Fish, Water contamination
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