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Environ Anal Health Toxicol > Volume 38:2023 > Article
Environmental Analysis Health and Toxicology 2023;38(2):e2023009-0. doi: https://doi.org/10.5620/eaht.2023009
Mortality and morbidity assessment attributed to short- and long-term exposure to fine particles in ambient air of Agadir city, Morocco: The AirQ model approach
Youssef Bouchriti1,2 , Amal Korrida3,4 , Mohamed Ait Haddou1 , Abderrahmane Achbani5,6 , Hasnaa Sine5,6 , Jamila Rida7 , Hayat Sine2,8 , Rachid Amiha1 , Belkacem Kabbachi1
1Laboratory of Geosciences, Environment and Geomatics, Faculty of Sciences, Ibn Zohr University, Agadir, Morocco
2High Institute of Nursing Professions and Health Techniques of Agadir, Agadir, Morocco
3High Institute of Nursing Professions and Health Techniques of Agadir, Health Sciences and Environment Laboratory, Health Sciences, Epidemiology and Human Pathologies Research Team (ER-2SEPH), Agadir, Morocco
4Research Laboratory of Innovation in Health Sciences (LARISS), Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Ibn Zohr University, Agadir, Morocco
5Laboratory of Cell Biology and Molecular Genetics, Faculty of Sciences, Ibn Zohr University, Agadir, Morocco
6High Institute of Nursing Professions and Health Techniques, Marrakech, Morocco
7Health Sciences Research Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Ibn Zohr University, Agadir, Morocco
8Clinical Epidemiology and Medico-Surgical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Mohammed V University, Rabat, Morocco
Corresponding Author: Youssef Bouchriti ,Email: bouchriti.y.ege@gmail.com
Received: January 22, 2023;  Accepted: April 18, 2023.
It is well established that respiratory mortality and morbidity are associated with high concentrations of fine particles such as PM2.5. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long- and short-term impacts of PM2.5 on the population of Agadir, Morocco, using AirQ 2.1.1 software. The mean PM2.5 values were obtained from data collected at three sites. Baseline incidence data were obtained from the literature, and relative risk (RR) values were referenced from the World Health Organization. This study quantified long-term total mortality (LT-TM), lung cancer mortality (LT-LC), morbidity from acute lower respiratory tract infections (LT-ALRI), and morbidity from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (LT-COPD), as well as short-term total mortality (ST-TM). The attributable proportions (AP) of LT-TM and LT-LC were estimated to 14.19% and 18.42%, respectively. Their excess deaths were estimated to 279 and 11 persons, respectively, and their RRs to 1.16 (95% CI: 1.10-1.22) and 1.23 (95% CI: 1.12-1.37), respectively. Furthermore, the AP of LT-ALRI and LT-COPD were estimated to 14.36% and 15.68%, respectively, their excess deaths to 33 and 4, and their RRs to 1.17 (95% CI: 1.11-1.31) and 1.19 (95% CI: 1.00-1.02), respectively. In comparison, the AP of ST-TM was estimated to 1.27%, with a 25-person excess death rate. This study was conducted to inform decision-making and to promote local policies on ambient air quality.
Keywords: AirQ model, Health impact, COPD, LC, ALRI, PM2.5
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