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Journal of Environmental Toxicology 2006;21(1):45-56.
중소도시, 대도시 및 산업지역에서 채취한 미세분진 (PM<SUB>2.5</SUB>)과 입자상 다환방향족탄화수소의 계절적인 분포 특성
김희갑, 정경미, 김태식
Characteristics of Seasonal Distributions of Fine Particles (PM<SUB>2.5</SUB>) and Particle-Associated Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons inUrban, Metropolitan and Industrial Complex Sites
Hekap Kim , Kyung-Mi Jung , Tae-Sik Kim
  This study was conducted to investigate seasonal distributions of fine particles (PM<SUB>2.5</SUB>) and associated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) at three cities. PM<SUB>2.5</SUB> samples were collected on glass fiber filters at urban (Chuncheon), metropolitan (Seoul), and industrial complex sites (Ulsan) from September, 2002 to February, 2004 using the Andersen FH 95 Particulate Sampler. About five 24-hour samples were collected from each site per season. The filters were analyzed for mass and six selected PAHs concentrations. PM<SUB>2.5</SUB> concentrations were the highest either in winter or spring, which could be attributed to the increase of fossil fuel combustion in winter or the transport of yellow sand to the Korean peninsula from China in spring, respectively. Regional PM<SUB>2.5</SUB> concentrations were higher in the order of Seoul>Chuncheon>Ulsan without statistical difference among cities. The filters were extracted using dichloromethane in an ultrasonicator and analyzed for six PAHs (anthracene, fluoranthene, pyrene, benzo[a]anthracene, chrysene, and benzo[a]pyrene) with HPLC. Total PAHs concentrations were statistically different among seasons in each site, and the highest concentrations were observed in winter at each sampling site. For total samples collected, the median total PAHs concentrations in Chuncheon (4.6 ng/㎥) and Seoul (4.4 ng/㎥) were approximately two times higher than that in Ulsan (2.1 ng/㎥). Chrysene was a component found in the highest proportion among total PAHs at each site. Carcinogenic risks calculated based on the BaP toxic equivalency factors (TEFs) over the whole sampling period were higher in the order of Chuncheon>Seoul>Ulsan. This study suggests that the atmosphere of Chuncheon is contaminated with particulate matter and PAHs at the levels equivalent to those of Seoul and that an appropriate measure needs to be taken to mitigate human health risks from inhalation exposure to airborne fine particles.
Keywords: fine particles; PAHs; PM<; SUB>; 2.5<; /SUB>
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