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Journal of Environmental Toxicology 2005;20(2):109-121.
화학물질 우선순위 선정 기법 (CRS-Korea)의 개발과 적용
박화성, 김예신, 이동수, 신용승, 최승필, 박성은, 김명현, 양지연, 신동천
Development of Korean Chemical Ranking and Scoring System (CRS-Korea) and its Application to Prioritizing National Toxic Chemicals
Hoa-sung Park , Ye-shin Kim , Dong Soo Lee , Yong-seung Shin , Seung-pil Choi , Seong-eun Park , Myung-hyun Kim , Ji-yeon Yang , Dong-chun Shin
ABSTRACT
A chemical ranking and scoring (CRS-Korea) system was developed and proposed to use as the first step to prioritize the toxic chemicals for the purpose of monitoring and detailed risk assessment that might follow as necessary. The CRS-Korea system takes a basic concept of risk assessment (both human health risk and ecological risk) in that risk score is determined by the product of toxicity score and exposure score. Included in the toxicity category are acute toxicity, chronic/sub-chronic toxicity, carcinogenicity, and other toxicity. The exposure category consists of quantity released to the environment, bioconcentration, and persistence. A consistent scheme and a comprehensive chemical data base are offered in the CRS-Korea system to calculate a score for the each component in the two categories by using specific physicochemical, fate, and toxic properties and the quantity of the chemical used. The toxicity score is obtained by adding up all the individual scores for the components in the toxicity category. The exposure score is determined by multiplication of the score of the quantity released with the sum of persistent score and bioconcentration score. Equal weight is given to the toxicity score and the exposure score. As the CRS-Korea system was applied to identify 50 national priority chemicals, it was found that significant data gap exists on toxicity and fate properties and that the uncertainty associated with estimating the quantity released to the environment is notably high. The proposed CRS system is only a screening tool in the first step toward the priority setting and should be used with expert judgement and other considerations necessary.
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